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秦岭野生黄毛草莓的坪用价值和适应性评价
Evaluation of Turf Quality and Adaptability of Wild Fragaria nilgerrensis Schltdl. in Qinling Mountains
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  秦岭  野生黄毛草莓  坪用价值  草坪综合质量评价
英文关键词:Qinling Mountains  Wild Fragaria nilgerrensis Schltdl  Turf quality  Lawn quality comprehensive evaluation
基金项目:陕西省教育厅2021年度专项科研计划项目“陕西省常见草莓野生植物资源的坪用价值研究”(217K0973)。
作者单位
王晓霞,王语筝,高智忠,赵小宁,李 晶 (1.咸阳职业技术学院陕西 西咸新区 7120462.西安外事学院陕西 西安 7100773.榆林市榆阳区城郊林场陕西 榆林 7190004.富平县农技推广中心陕西 渭南 711700) 
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中文摘要:
      秦岭野生黄毛草莓(Fragaria nilgerrensis Schltdl)是一种野生地被植物,具有较长的匍匐茎。为了研究其作为观赏草坪草的坪用性状及其推广价值,以目前在园林绿化中被广泛应用的观赏草坪草白三叶(Trifolium repens L.)和红花酢浆草(Oxalis corymbosa DC.)为对照,用3 a时间对秦岭野生黄毛草莓的坪用性(盖度、均一性、叶色、花序颜色、花序美感)、适应性(成坪天数、绿期、抗病性、抗虫性、越冬率、越夏率)和草坪综合质量进行了观测和比较。结果显示:3种植物均能在关中平原地区良好生长,形成观赏草坪,其中,黄毛草莓的盖度和均一性最好,白三叶次之,红花酢浆草最差;白三叶绿期最长,为303d,野生黄毛草莓绿期次之,为268d,红花酢浆草绿期最短,为248d;草坪质量综合评价结果为白三叶>野生黄毛草莓>红花酢浆草。试验结果表明:秦岭野生黄毛草莓可作为一种新的坪用价值较高、适应性较强的观赏草坪植物,在关中平原及气候相似的地区推广使用。
英文摘要:
      The wild Fragaria nilgerrensis Schltdl in Qinling Mountains is a wild ground cover plant with long stolons. In order to study its characteristics of turf quality and popularization value , Trifolium repens L. and Oxalis corymbosa DC.were used as chontrol, three years’ of experiment was conducted to observe and evaluate the landscaping of wild Fragaria nilgerrensis in Qinling Mountains,which included the turf characteristics (coverage, uniformity, leaf color, inflorescence color, beauty of inflorescence), adaptability (days of maturity, green period, disease resistance, insect resistance, overwintering rate, oversummering rate),and turf comprehensive quality.The results showed that all the three plants could grow well and form ornamental turf in Guanzhong Plain, the coverage and uniformity of Fragaria Nilgerrensis Schltdl were the best, Trifolium repens L. was the second, Oxalis corymbosa DC. was the worst. The green period of Trifolium repens L. was the longest of 303 days, the green period of Fragaria nilgerrensis Schltdl was 268 days, the green period of Oxalis corymbosa DC. was 248 days. The comprehensive evaluation result of turf quality was Trifolium repens L. > Fragaria nilgerrensis Schltdl>Oxalis corymbosa DC.. The results showed that the wild Fragaria nilgerrensis Schltdl could be used as a new ornamental turf grass, which had high lawn value and strong adaptability in Guanzhong plain and its similar climate area. ;
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